Moving Toward the Centre: Transformative Learning, Global Learning, and Indigenization


  • Thomas Barker The University of Alberta


transformative learning, global learning, indigenization, pedagogy, higher education


Transformational learning, global learning, and indigenization are three synergistic
trends in higher education today. Transformational learning consists of four principle
elements (emancipation, interpretation, development, and spirit) that each bring
challenges (disciplinary silos, scientific positivism, negative student reactions,
institutional inflexibility). These common characteristics and challenges among these three trends are illustrated using transformational learning as a lens to identify strategies to support the mutual goals of global learning and indigenization. The article concludes with a proposal for a five-stage (inclusive, reflective, connected, powerful) transformational learning maturity model that measures an organization's readiness to implement transformational learning.

Author Biography

Thomas Barker, The University of Alberta

Professor, Faculty of Extension


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