Can the Development of CQ be Transformative?
Keywords:studying abroad, , working abroad, cultural intelligence, transformative learning
AbstractGlobalization requires students and employees to adapt to an ever-increasing range of diverse cultures and responsibilities, yet methods of training may fall short. To truly shift to a global mindset, transformative learning may be required. This paper uses a personal case study methodology to analyze how the development of cultural intelligence (CQ) may have prompted transformative learning as a student and career professional. Exploring this connection has implications for theory, research and practice.
Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26.
Cranton, P. (2006). Understanding and promoting transformative learning. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.
Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS) (2005). East Lansing, MI: Cultural Intelligence Center, LLC.
Dirkx, J., & Smith, R. (2009). Facilitating transformative learning: Engaging emotions in an online context. In J. Mezirow & E. Taylor (Ed.), Transformative learning in practice: Insights from community, workplace, and higher education (pp. 57-66). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Earley, P., & Ang, S. (2003). Cultural intelligence: Individual interactions across cultures. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Hoggan, C., Simpson, S., & Stuckey, H. (Eds.). (2009). Creative expression in transformative learning: Tools and techniques for educators of adults. Malabar, FL: Krieger.
InterFuture (n.d.). In About – InterFuture Goals. Retrieved from https://interfuture.org/index.php/about/
Kegan, R. (2000). What “form” transforms? A constructive-developmental approach to transformative learning. In J. Mezirow (Ed.), Learning as transformation: Critical perspectives on a theory in progress (pp. 35-69). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Kitchenham, A. (2008). The evolution of John Mezirow’s transformative learning theory. Journal of Transformative Education, 6(2), 104-123.
Kolb, A. & Kolb, D. (2005). Learning styles and learning spaces: Enhancing experiential learning in higher education. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 4(2), 193-212.
Livermore, D. (2011). The cultural intelligence difference: Master the one skill you can't do without in today's global economy. New York, NY: AMACOM.
MacKeracher, D. (2012). The role of experience in transformative learning. In E. Taylor & P. Cranton, The handbook of transformative learning: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 342-354). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Mezirow, J. (1978). Perspective transformation. Adult Education Quarterly, 28(2), 100-110.
Mezirow, J. (1998). On critical reflection. Adult Education Quarterly, 48(3), 185-198.
Mezirow, J. (2009). Transformative learning theory. In J. Mezirow & E. Taylor (Ed.), Transformative learning in practice: Insights from community, workplace, and higher education (pp. 18-31). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Ng, K.Y., Van Dyne, L., & Ang, S. (2009). From experience to experiential learning: Cultural intelligence as a learning capability for global leader development. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 8(4), 511-526.
Peng, A., Van Dyne, L., & Oh, K. (2015). The influence of motivational cultural intelligence on cultural effectiveness based on study abroad: The moderating role of participant’s cultural identity. Journal of Management Education, 39(5), 572-596.
Rosenblatt, V., Worthley, R., & MacNab, B. (2013). From contact to development in experiential cultural intelligence education: The mediating influence of expectancy disconfirmation. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 12(3), 356-379.
Strange, H. & Gibson, H. (2017). An investigation of experiential and transformative learning in study abroad programs. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 29(1), 85-100.
Taylor, E. (1998). Theory and practice of transformative learning: A critical review (Information Series No. 374). Columbus, OH: ERIC Clearing House on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education.
Taylor, E., & Cranton, P. (2012). The handbook of transformative learning: Theory, research, and practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Van Manen, M. (1990). Researching lived experience. Ontario, Canada: State University of New York Press.
Yorks, L., & Kasl, E. (2006). I know more than I can say: A taxonomy for using expressive ways of knowing to foster transformative learning. Journal of Transformative Education, 4(1), 43-64.
All published works remain the copyright of the author, and are published under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attributions-ShareAlike 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) following the journal's published version of the work, as it can lead to productive exchanges and greater citation of published work.